Purpose

The goal of this project is to develop guidelines for the clinical tailoring of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) for Veterans with psychotic disorders and insomnia, and to test the acceptability, feasibility, and preliminary efficacy of CBT-I for improving sleep-related functional outcomes in this population.

Conditions

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Between 18 Years and 80 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Disorders, 5th edition (DSM 5) diagnosis of schizophrenic disorders (295.0-295.9), affective psychoses (296.0-296.1, 296.4-296.8), or major depression with psychotic features (296.24, 296.34).
  2. Self-reported symptoms of insomnia via an Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) score of 15 or greater.
  3. Age between 18 and 80 as determined by medical record review.
  4. Participation in outpatient mental health services at a designated study site.
  5. Sufficient clinical stability to participate as deemed by a treatment provider.
  6. Capacity to sign Informed Consent.

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Current problematic drug or alcohol use that impacts functioning and study engagement, as deemed by a treatment provider.
  2. Currently in CBT-I treatment, determined by medical records.
  3. Positive screen for sleep apnea via a portable sleep apnea screening device or a prior diagnosis of sleep apnea in medical records.

Study Design

Phase
N/A
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
Single (Outcomes Assessor)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy-Insomnia
CBT-I addresses cognitive, arousal and behavioral factors related to sleep difficulties. Sessions combine assessment, conceptualization, psychoeducation, behavioral strategies and cognitive therapy, using a consistent structure including review of participants' sleep log and adherence to behavioral guidelines, modification of time in bed, cognitive therapy, and relaxation techniques. CBT-I also incorporates psychoeducation about biological and psychological elements that regulate sleep. Other strategies include stimulus control (i.e., getting out of bed when not sleepy) to extinguish the conditioned arousal common in insomnia, and relaxation techniques to reduce arousal associated with the bed, bedroom, or bedtime.
  • Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy-Insomnia
    CBT-I addresses cognitive, arousal and behavioral factors related to sleep difficulties. Sessions combine assessment, conceptualization, psychoeducation, behavioral strategies and cognitive therapy, using a consistent structure including review of participants' sleep log and adherence to behavioral guidelines, modification of time in bed, cognitive therapy, and relaxation techniques. CBT-I also incorporates psychoeducation about biological and psychological elements that regulate sleep. Other strategies include stimulus control (i.e., getting out of bed when not sleepy) to extinguish the conditioned arousal common in insomnia, and relaxation techniques to reduce arousal associated with the bed, bedroom, or bedtime.
Active Comparator
Health and Wellness
Health and Wellness is a general self-management curriculum focused on providing education and support for managing physical and emotional well-being. Each session follows a basic structure including review of previous session material, new educational information and discussion on several topics over the course of single or multiple sessions. Each session will focus on the impact of the topic on overall health and wellness, identifying benefits and challenges to improving or maintaining health in that area, and strategies that clients may find helpful to address challenges in that area. Example topics include physical activity/exercise, nutrition/healthy eating, managing medications and side effects, and addictive behaviors (e.g., substance use, gambling, eating).
  • Behavioral: Health and Wellness
    Health and Wellness is a general self-management curriculum focused on providing education and support for managing physical and emotional well-being. Each session follows a basic structure including review of previous session material, new educational information and discussion on several topics over the course of single or multiple sessions. Each session will focus on the impact of the topic on overall health and wellness, identifying benefits and challenges to improving or maintaining health in that area, and strategies that clients may find helpful to address challenges in that area. Example topics include physical activity/exercise, nutrition/healthy eating, managing medications and side effects, and addictive behaviors (e.g., substance use, gambling, eating).

Recruiting Locations

Baltimore VA Medical Center VA Maryland Health Care System, Baltimore, MD
Baltimore, Maryland 21201
Contact:
Elizabeth A Klingaman, PhD
410-637-1875
Elizabeth.Klingaman@va.gov

More Details

Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
VA Office of Research and Development

Study Contact

Elizabeth A Klingaman, PhD
(410) 637-1875
Elizabeth.Klingaman@va.gov

Detailed Description

The goal of this project is to develop guidelines for the clinical tailoring of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) for Veterans with psychotic disorders and insomnia, and to test the acceptability, feasibility, and preliminary efficacy of CBT-I for improving sleep-related functional outcomes in this population.

Specific Aim 1: Develop empirically-derived guidelines for the clinical tailoring of CBT-I materials and procedures for Veterans with psychotic disorders through an iterative process with input from Veteran clients, CBT-I experts and providers, as well as those with expertise in psychotic disorders.

Specific Aim 2: Establish the acceptability of CBT-I for Veterans with psychotic disorders and insomnia when delivered using guidelines developed in Specific Aim 1 in order to make further refinements to the guidelines in a preliminary trial with 6 Veterans with psychosis and insomnia.

Specific Aim 3: Conduct a randomized controlled trial (n=60) to test the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of CBT-I in producing positive changes at post-treatment and 3-month follow-up on the outcomes of insomnia symptoms, sleep quality, and functioning.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.