Testing the Combination of MLN4924 (Pevonedistat), Carboplatin, and Paclitaxel for Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)
This phase II trial studies how well MLN4924 (pevonedistat), carboplatin, and paclitaxel work in treating patients with stage IIIB or IV non-small cell lung cancer. Pevonedistat may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving pevonedistat together with carboplatin and paclitaxel may work better in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer when compared with other standard chemotherapy drugs.
- Metastatic Lung Non-Small Cell Squamous Carcinoma
- Metastatic Lung Non-Squamous Non-Small Cell Carcinoma
- Stage IIIB Lung Cancer AJCC v8
- Stage IV Lung Cancer AJCC v8
- Stage IVA Lung Cancer AJCC v8
- Stage IVB Lung Cancer AJCC v8
- Unresectable Lung Non-Small Cell Carcinoma
- Unresectable Lung Non-Squamous Non-Small Cell Carcinoma
- Eligible Ages
- Over 18 Years
- Eligible Genders
- Accepts Healthy Volunteers
- Patients must have histologically confirmed stage IIIB or IV NSCLC (squamous or nonsquamous) that is metastatic or unresectable.
- Patients must have measurable disease per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1.
- Patients must have progressed on prior treatment with checkpoint inhibitor (PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors) either as a single-agent therapy or in combination, as below. Patients will be eligible if there is a contra-indication to checkpoint inhibitor therapy.
- Patients who have progressed after receiving a checkpoint inhibitor in combination with a platinum-based doublet, as first-line treatment for NSCLC.
- Patients who have progressed on checkpoint inhibitor as second-line therapy, after receiving a platinum-based doublet as first-line therapy.
- Patients who have progressed on platinum-based doublet as second-line therapy, after receiving a checkpoint inhibitor as first-line therapy.
- Patients must have disease progression on or after platinum-based chemotherapy for metastatic disease or within 6 months of completion of platinum-based chemotherapy administration as adjuvant/neoadjuvant chemotherapy or concurrent chemoradiation.
- Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL.
- Platelet count >= 150,000/mcL.
- Total bilirubin =< 1 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN). Patients with Gilbert's syndrome may enroll if direct bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional ULN.
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) / alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional ULN. Patients with metastatic liver disease may enroll if =< 5 x ULN.
- Hemoglobin >= 8 g/dL. If clinically indicated, patients may receive red blood cell transfusion on this study.
- Creatinine clearance =< institutional ULN. OR
- Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) > 30 mL/min/1.73 m^2 .
- Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patients who meet the following criteria will be considered eligible:
- CD4 count > 350 cells/mm^3.
- Undetectable viral load within the last six months.
- HIV positive patients must be stable on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Clinically significant metabolic enzyme inducers are not permitted during this study(e.g., ritonavir, efavirenz, nevirapine).
- No history of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining opportunistic infections.
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1.
- Life expectancy >= 12 weeks.
- Patients are eligible if central nervous system (CNS) metastases are adequately treated and neurological symptoms have returned to baseline or are controlled for at least 2 weeks prior to enrollment. In addition, subjects must be either off corticosteroids, or on stable or decreasing dose of steroids.
- The effects of MLN4924 (pevonedistat) on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason and because agents as well as other therapeutic agents used in this trial are known to be teratogenic, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study or within 4 months of completion, she should inform her treating physician immediately. Men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 4 months after completion of MLN4924 (pevonedistat) administration.
Female patients who:
- Are postmenopausal for at least 1 year before the screening visit, or
- Are surgically sterile, or If they are of childbearing potential,
- Agree to practice 1 highly effective method and 1 additional effective (barrier) method of contraception, at the same time, from the time of signing the informed consent through 4 months after the last dose of study drug (female and male condoms should not be used together), or
- Agree to practice true abstinence, when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. (Periodic abstinence [e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, postovulation methods] withdrawal, spermicides only, and lactational amenorrhea are not acceptable methods of contraception.) Male patients, even if surgically sterilized (i.e., status postvasectomy), who
- Agree to practice effective barrier contraception during the entire study treatment period and through 4 months after the last dose of study drug (female and male condoms should not be used together), OR
- Agree to practice true abstinence, when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject. (Periodic abstinence [e.g., calendar, ovulation, symptothermal, postovulation methods for the female partner] withdrawal, spermicides only, and lactational amenorrhea are not acceptable methods of contraception.)
- For patients with evidence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, the HBV viral load must be undetectable on suppressive therapy, if indicated.
- Patients with a history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection must have been treated and cured. For patients with HCV infection who are currently on treatment, they are eligible if they have an undetectable HCV viral load.
- Patients with a prior or concurrent malignancy whose natural history or treatment does not have the potential to interfere with the safety or efficacy assessment of the investigational regimen are eligible for this trial.
- Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= 50% as assessed by echocardiogram or radionuclide angiography.
- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document. Participants with impaired decision-making capacity (IDMC) who have a legally authorized representative (LAR) or caregiver and/or family member available will also be considered eligible.
- Patients with NSCLC harboring genomic aberrations (e.g. sensitizing EGFR, ALK, ROS1, NTRK, BRAF V600E mutation positive) must have received prior treatment with Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved targeted therapy for patients for which FDA approved targeted therapies is available.
- Patients who have not recovered from adverse events (AEs) due to prior anti-cancer therapy (i.e., have residual toxicities > grade 1) with the exception of alopecia and neuropathy.
- Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents.
- History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to MLN4924 (pevonedistat), carboplatin, or paclitaxel.
- Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 2 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study.
- Patients receiving any treatment with clinically significant metabolic enzyme inducers within 14 days before the first dose of the study drug. Clinically significant metabolic enzyme inducers are not permitted during the study.
- Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness.
- Patients with psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
- Pregnant women are excluded from this study because MLN4924 (pevonedistat), carboplatin, and paclitaxel have the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with MLN4924 (pevonedistat), breastfeeding must be discontinued if the mother is treated with MLN4924 (pevonedistat). These potential risks may also apply to other agents used in this study.
- Female patients who intend to donate eggs (ova) during the course of this study or 4 months after receiving their last dose of study drug(s).
- Male patients who intend to donate sperm during the course of this study or 4 months after receiving their last dose of study drug(s).
- Known cardiopulmonary disease defined as:
- Unstable angina;
- Congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] class III or IV;);
- Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to first dose (patients who had ischemic heart disease such as acute coronary syndrome [ACS], myocardial infarction, and/or revascularization greater than 6 months before screening and who are without cardiac symptoms may enroll);
- Symptomatic cardiomyopathy;
- Clinically significant arrhythmia:
- History of polymorphic ventricular fibrillation or torsade de pointes,
- Permanent atrial fibrillation, defined as continuous atrial fibrillation for >= 6 months,
- Persistent atrial fibrillation, defined as sustained atrial fibrillation lasting > 7 days and/or requiring cardioversion in the 4 weeks before screening,
- Grade 3 atrial fibrillation defined as symptomatic and incompletely controlled medically, or controlled with device (e.g., pacemaker), or ablation and
- Patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation or grade < 3 atrial fibrillation for period of at least 6 months are permitted to enroll provided that their rate is controlled on a stable regimen.
- Clinically symptomatic pulmonary hypertension requiring pharmacologic therapy.
- Peripheral neuropathy that is grade >= 3, or grade 2 with pain on clinical examination during the screening period.
- Uncontrolled high blood pressure (i.e., systolic blood pressure > 180 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure > 95 mmHg).
- Prolonged rate corrected QT (QTc) interval >= 500 msec, calculated according to institutional guidelines.
- Known moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, interstitial lung disease, and pulmonary fibrosis.
- Major surgery within 14 days before the first dose of any study drug or a scheduled surgery during study period.
- Life-threatening illness unrelated to cancer.
- Patients with uncontrolled coagulopathy or bleeding disorder.
- Known hepatic cirrhosis or severe pre-existing hepatic impairment.
- Phase 2
- Study Type
- Intervention Model
- Single Group Assignment
- Primary Purpose
- None (Open Label)
Treatment (paclitaxel, carboplatin, pevonedistat)
|Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 3 hours on day 1, carboplatin IV over 15-60 minutes on day 1, and pevonedistat IV over 1 hour on days 1, 3, and 5. Treatment repeats every 21 days for at least 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.||
- National Cancer Institute (NCI)
I. To determine the overall response rate (ORR) of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with MLN4924 (pevonedistat) in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel.
I. To estimate the progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with advanced NSCLC treated with MLN4924 (pevonedistat) in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel.
II. To estimate the overall survival (OS) of patients with advanced NSCLC treated with MLN4924 (pevonedistat) in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel.
III. To evaluate the safety profile of MLN4924 (pevonedistat) in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel.
I. To evaluate expression of nuclear factor-erythroid 2 p45-related factor 2 (NRF2) target genes NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase1 (NQO1) and the cysteine/glutamate antiporter solute carrier family 7 member 11 (SCL7A11).
II. To determine expression of pharmacodynamic markers induced by neural precursor cell expressed developmentally downregulated protein 8 (NEDD-8) activating enzyme (NAE) inhibition: cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor (ATF3), beta 2 microglobulin (B2M), glutamate-cysteine ligase regulatory subunit (GCLM), glutathione-disulfide reductase (GSR), deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)-3-methyladenine (MAG1), ribosomal protein lateral stalk subunit P0 (RPLPO), sulfiredoxin-1 (SRXN1), thioredoxin reductase 1 (TXNRD1), and ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme (UBC).
III. To perform qualitative assessment of tumor NAE1 and ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 M (UBC12) protein expression at baseline.
IV. To assess circulating tumor cells (CTCs) for DNA damage repair pathway alterations (i.e., gamma H2AX induction, RAD51).
V. To evaluate pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of MLN4924 (pevonedistat) when given in combination with paclitaxel and carboplatin.
Patients receive paclitaxel intravenously (IV) over 3 hours on day 1, carboplatin IV over 15-60 minutes on day 1, and pevonedistat IV over 1 hour on days 1, 3, and 5. Treatment repeats every 21 days for at least 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, all patients without disease progression are followed up every 3 months for 1 year. and then every 6 months until 5 years from end of study treatment.